Pagoda

   Astructure, usually built of bricks or stone, that houses holy relics or other items associated with Buddhism. "Pagoda" is derived from Sanskrit, meaning a relic shrine. In Burmese, the word zedi (chedi), derived from Pali, or paya is used. Pagodas of all sizes are found throughout the country and are one of the most distinct features of the landscape. Stupa, also derived from Sanskrit, is a generally synonymous term for pagoda used in English.
   With some exceptions, such as the Botataung and the Maha Vizaya Pagoda in Rangoon (Yangon), pagodas in Burma are solid structures. Temples containing an inner chamber or chambers where devotees enter are commonly known in Burmese as pahto and are often likened to holy caves. Both pagodas and pahto are found in large numbers at Pagan (Bagan).
   Pagodas contain a sealed relic chamber, where items associated with Gotama Buddha's person, such as his hair, teeth, or bones, or his personal possessions, are stored. The Shwe Dagon Pagoda in Rangoon and the Shwemawdaw in Pegu (Bago) both are said to contain hairs of the Buddha, and the Shwe Dagon also is said to contain the possessions of three earlier Buddhas; thus, it is known as the "four relic pagoda." Buddhist scriptures, Buddha images, or replicas of holy relics may be substituted for authenticated relics, usually the case when ordinary villagers or merit-seeking individuals build their own paya. The patron or builder of a pagoda, known as a paya-taga, earns a great deal of merit (Burmese, kutho) from the enterprise, while those who restore an old pagoda or donate jewels or other treasure earn lesser amounts of merit.
   The prototype for the pagoda is the stupa built at Sanchi in India in the third century BCE, which is said to resemble an inverted alms bowl. The bell-shaped pagoda form, most recognizable in stupas, such as the Shwe Dagon, Shwemawdaw, and Shwesandaw in Prome (Pyay), is traced to early Sri Lanka and some of the stupas found at Pagan, such as the Shwezigon, built in the 11th and 12th centuries CE. Buddhist pagodas are not the dwelling places of gods, and thus the devotee does not worship there or address prayers to deities. But an elaborate "pagoda religion" has emerged within Buddhism that stresses the importance of venerating or paying respect to religious sites and Buddha relics. Many pagodas, however, have nat shrines on their premises, where people pray to supernatural beings for good fortune or protection.
   See also Architecture, Religious.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pagoda — Pagoda …   Википедия

  • Pagoda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pagoda en Kioto, Japón. Una pagoda es el edificio de varios niveles común en varios países asiáticos, entre otros China, India, Japón, Tailandia y …   Wikipedia Español

  • pagodă — PAGÓDĂ, pagode, s.f. Templu hindus, budist sau brahman la unele popoare din Orient, în formă de turn piramidal, compus din mai multe etaje suprapuse, care se retrag succesiv şi ale căror streşini sunt întoarse în sus. – Din fr. pagode. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pagoda — Pa*go da, n. [Pg. pagoda, pagode, fr. Hind. & Per. but kadah a house of idols, or abode of God; Per. but an idol + kadah a house, a temple.] 1. A term by which Europeans designate religious temples and tower like buildings of the Hindoos and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pagoda — pàgoda ž DEFINICIJA arhit. kultna budistička građevina u zemljama Dalekog istoka, ob. četverokutna (ili mnogokutna) s krovom u obliku stepenastog tornja [kineska pagoda; indijska pagoda]; dagaba, usp. stupa (1) SINTAGMA pagoda rukav rukav u… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Pagoda — Pagoda,   kleine südindische Goldmünze, die seit der Spätantike geprägt wurde. Die frühen Münzen tragen nur auf der Vorderseite ein Bild, die Rückseite ist granuliert. Ursprünglich dienten Tierdarstellungen als Münzmotive, später Gottheiten. Seit …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pagoda — (Туоро суль Тразимено,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 06060 Туоро суль Тразимено, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Pagoda — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Post Grunge, Alternative Rock Gründung 2001 Gründungsmitglieder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pagŏda — Pagŏda, 1) Gewicht in der Präsidentschaft Madras, 1/10 Pollam = 3,544 g, für Edelmetalle bei den Eingebornen (Hun, engl. star p.) = 3,4058 g. – 2) Hauptmünze des südl. Ostindien, früher Varaha, bei den Mohammedanern Hun (d.h. Gold), bei den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • pàgoda — ž arhit. kultna budistička građevina u zemljama Dalekog istoka, ob. četverokutna (ili mnogokutna) na više katova [kineska ∼]; i sa stepenastim krovom [indijska ∼] ✧ {{001f}}port. ← perz …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • pagoda — (n.) 1580s, from Port. pagode (early 16c.), from a corruption of Pers. butkada, from but idol + kada dwelling. Or perhaps from or influenced by Tamil pagavadi house belonging to a deity, from Skt. bhagavati goddess, fem. of bhagavat blessed,… …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.